Dry skin is a major problem for centuries. Dryness reached its peak usually due to a sudden change in the weather, and the red light will turn on for skin hydration
In winter, no matter how much moisturizing cream you apply, the dryness doesn't go away. If you want to keep your skin hydrated even in cold weather, pay attention to this article. We have prepared three-step or methods of cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing, and winter skin care tips from our dermatologists.
Cold wind and low humidity are enemies of the skin. This is because, in winter, it causes dryness regardless of skin type. If your skin is simply lacking in moisture, it is enough to apply a moisturizer. However, if you do not properly moisturize, it can cause itching and dryness. If left untreated, dry eczema may appear. In this case, the problem may not be resolved with a moisturizing cream, and you may need to receive medication at a hospital or skin specialist. This is why dry skin in winter should not be taken lightly.
Introducing you to a skin care routine that provides moisture to dry skin from morning to evening.
Follow these 3 step of moisturizing
To make dry skin moist, simply applying a moisturizer is not the solution. If there is a lot of dead skin cells on the skin, it will not be absorbed even if you apply a moisturizer. If you use a face wash that has too much cleansing power to remove waste products from your skin, your skin becomes more dry. You can replenish moisture to dry winter skin by following the three steps of cleansing, exfoliating, and applying a moisturizer.
STEP 1. Cleansing
Short and light cleansing and finishing with a moist toner
Cleansing is the first step in moisturizing.
Dry skin is already sensitive and lacks moisture, so it is better not to use irritating products. If you prefer alkaline products frequently with the belief that the wastes or patches are washed away, it will only lead to the worst condition for dry skin.
Alkaline cleansing products with strong cleaning power damage the lipid membrane of the skin, causing severe skin tightness and make it easier to penetrate bacteria and wastes, thereby lowering the skin's immunity. In the morning, wash your face with only water as much as possible, and in the evening, wash with mildly acidic cleansing or cleansing cream or oil to keep your skin moist.
Choose soft facial tissues, air dry, or beauty towels to dry up your face.
The main mistake people usually do while cleansing is to use regular towels on the face.
Disadvantages of using a regular towel after cleansing for drying:
- Skin becomes a little sensitive after washing with warm water, the towel is harsh for your skin
- bacteria can easily stick on it and cause many skin related problems
Washing should be done within 1-2 minutes. Cleansing is the principle of removing cosmetic residues, dead skin, or contaminants with a suitable face wash. If the cleansing time is too long, it is like rubbing your face with the contaminants that have already been wiped off.
For final cleansing, use a toner (skin). Toner removes cosmetic residues and wastes remaining on the skin after washing and provides moisture to the skin. If your skin is very dry in winter, it is a good idea to check the toner you are using. If the toner contains alcohol, it can dehydrate the skin and worsen dryness. In winter, it is desirable to finish cleansing with a moist type toner that does not contain alcohol.
STEP 2. Exfoliating
exfoliating once a week is enough, you will lose natural oil and moisture while excessive exfoliating.
The skin continuously creates cells every 28 days and pushes old cells onto the skin. At this time, dead cells that are pushed out to the outer surface of the skin. This natural cycle is called the epidermal cell regeneration cycle. If this circulation is done properly, the dead skin cells will come off by themselves even if you wash your face well.
The problem is that if the dead skin cells are not properly excreted due to aging or dry weather, skin troubles occur. No matter how good cosmetics are applied, if dead skin cells are on the skin, the moisturizing ingredients cannot be absorbed. When dead skin cells are removed, the clogged skin regeneration cycle is restored, and new cells generated from the bottom are lifted upwards, helping to maintain clear and moist skin. This is why it is essential to take care of the dead skin cells in order to moisturize the skin.
Exfoliating once a week is sufficient. Excessive exfoliation will have the opposite effect. Excessive dead skin cells cause skin problems, but a moderate amount of dead skin cells protects the skin from external stimuli. It also plays a role in controlling the oil and moisture so as not to evaporate excessively. So, you need to use an exfoliant that can gently remove dead skin cells without irritating the skin too much.
Typical examples are AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) and BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acid) ingredients. AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) gives acid to the skin and gently dissolves hard and rough dead skin cells. It is effective for all skin types. Just check the ingredient list to see if it says Glycolic Acid or Lactic Acid, avoid products that contain more than 10% of these ingredients, as too high concentration can be irritating. BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acid) penetrates into the pores and dissolves sebum and dead skin cells. It is effective for oily and acne-prone skin. Just check if Salicylic Acid is listed on the ingredient list on the back of the cosmetic product.
STEP 3. Moisturizer application
Oil-moisture balance is important.
After cleansing and exfoliating the mask of the skin, the last step is moisturizing. In winter, the skin deprived of moisture is dry enough to feel greasy. At this time, if the skin is not properly hydrated, fine wrinkles may occur due to dryness. Normally, healthy skin maintains 20-30% moisture and 70-80% oil. The sebum film on the surface of the skin prevents moisture from evaporating, allowing the outer skin to retain about 20% of moisture.
When it comes to providing moisture, above all else, it should have the best absorbency. Essence containing peptides is smaller than the size of protein particles, so it is absorbed deep into the rough and dry skin, making it elastic and healthy.
However, when the amount of oil is insufficient, it becomes difficult to form a sebum film that prevents moisture evaporation, so that the skin loses more moisture from the outside. Therefore, in order to maintain healthy skin in dry winter, it is necessary to choose a moisturizer that contains both skin moisture and oil to balance the oil and moisture.
How and when to apply moisturizer is also important. After washing your face, air dry your face and apply a moisturizer. You should also apply moisturizer 20-30 minutes before going out, not just before going out. If the lotion or cream is exposed to dry air immediately after application, the skin may instantly cool and dry, causing damage.
If the dryness does not go away with a daily moisturizer, apply a moisture mask pack about once a week to maintain the moisture barrier. It is best to remove the pack when there is some moisture left on the sheet. Usually for 15-20 minutes, but it is best to follow the recommended time on the back of the mask pack. If you put it on for a long time to absorb all the nutrients in the mask pack, the skin surface may become dry or sensitive.
TIPs: How not to lose moisture in the skin
- When bathing or washing your face, wash with lukewarm water. If you wash your face with hot water and your skin temperature rises, the moisture evaporates faster, which can make you drier.
- Avoid using hot and cold baths alternately when taking a bath. Sudden changes in temperature can weaken the skin barrier and cause redness.
- Maintain proper temperature and humidity indoors. It is recommended to maintain a temperature of 20~22℃ and a humidity level of 40~50%.
- Wet a cotton pad with cold milk or green tea, and leave it on the dry face for about 15 minutes. How to instantly moisturize your skin.
- Be sure to wear rubber gloves when washing clothes and doing dishes. This is to prevent dry skin. Laundry soap is highly alkaline, so it is easy to break the skin barrier.
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